Hakuin Ekaku 白隠慧鶴
Hakuin Ekaku(1686-1768) was one of the most influential figures in Japanese Zen Buddhism. An important part of Hakuin’s practice of Zen was his painting and calligraphy.
If we can call the paintings and calligraphy created by Zen priesrs to express their own internal beings Zenga, or Zenga paintings,then Hakuin was both the great founder of Zenga painting and its greatest proponent.
His subject matter ranged from fierce visage ancestor priest portraits painted for his disciples or various regional temples to small, immensely humorous works painted in response to requests from members of his local parish.
His paintings were meant to capture Zen values, serving as sorts of "visua l sermons" that were extremely popular among the laypeople of the time , many of whom were illiterate. This is why that is referred to as the founder of Rinzai revival.
Ito Jakuchu 伊藤若冲
Jakuchu is a painter who lived at the time when mainstream of the Japanese painting became to the"Maruyama school" from "Kanou school".
First, he learned the "Kanou school" ,but he was not satisfied with the Funpon principle of "Kanou school". So, After the studies of the brushwork of the "Yuan and the Song", at last he was establish a style of his own.
Features of his paintings is Representation of realism that may be different from"Maruyama school", It is a drawing by bold composition. In particular, the"line of contact write" representation of light and shade of ink, without drawing the outline is a technique o his own.
Soga Shohaku 曾我蕭白
Soga Shohaku (1730-1781) is a painter who livedat the time when mainstream of the Japanese painting Sbecame to the “Maruyama school” of realism.
He wins fame in technique of the wide knowledge that he learned from”Unkoku school”(inherits the style of painting of”Sesshu”),”Soga group”(excelled in Picture of hawk), and Kyoto branch of “Kano school”.
In his work, attentive expression coexists with bold expression,Furthermore he used the light and shade of the ink skillfully of the work.
He proceeded to another way with “Maruyama school” who had much superficial expression. He can cope with all demand. Because, When he is drawing of the China historical fact, a motif is expressed ugly and jocularly, On the other hand, when drawing a flowers and birds figure and animal painting, expression delicate and gentle to that the feeling of an animal was transmitted to us.