Gyokudo Kawai (1873-1957) was a Japanese-style painter active from the Meiji to Showa periods. Born in Kisogawa-cho, Aichi Prefecture. His real name was Hozaburo. He studied under Mochizuki Gyokusen in Kyoto in 1887, then under Kouno Umelei in 1890, and later under Hashimoto Masakuni of the Kano school. He opened up a painting style that fused the Shijo and Kano schools and established his own style. Along with Yokoyama Taikan and Takeuchi Seiho, he is considered one of the three masters of Japanese painting. His former residence in Mitake, Ome City, Tokyo, where he spent the last years of his life, is still open to the public as the Gyokudo Museum.